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Building Your Own Computer - Part 1

Building Your Own Computer - Part 2

Building Your Own Computer - Part 3

Building Your Own Computer - Part 4

Building Your Own Computer - Part 5

Building Your Own Computer - Part 6

Building Your Own Computer - Part 7

CD DVD

CPU

Components

Computer Accessories Part 2

Hard Drives - Part 1

Hard Drives - Part 2

Memory

Motherboard - Part 1

Motherboard - Part 2

Sound Cards

Video Cards

Building Your Own Computer - Part 5

 

Building Your Own Computer - Part 4
If you are installing the motherboard in a case with a removable plate, the only .....
Before installing the hard drives and optical drives in the computer case, you must check that they are configured properly. The newer SATA drives do not need to be configured at all and can be simply installed in the case, but the traditional ATA (also called IDE or EIDE) drives have jumpers that set them as either "Master" or "Slave."

Motherboards with an IDE interface have two channels for hard drives; these are called "optical" drives or "tape" drives. Each channel can have two drives connected to it. Because there is only one cable for each channel, the drives need a way to identify themselves to the motherboard. For this reason, they are set as either master or slave.

The usual configuration is to put the hard drives on IDE channel 1 and the optical drives on IDE channel 2, although there is no reason not to mix optical and hard drives on the same channel. If you only have one drive of each type, you should install each of them on its own channel.
Motherboard - Part 2
Buying a new motherboard requires several considerations. If you are going to use your existing CPU, you are limited to buying a motherboard .....

Adjust the jumpers on the back of the drive to set it as master, slave, or cable select. The cable select option automatically assigns a master/slave status to a drive depending on the connection it is using. The connection furthest from the motherboard is the master connection, while the connection in the middle of the cable is the slave connection.

The jumper positions should be clearly marked on the drive itself, but if it's not, consult the manual. You can use tweezers or a pair of needle nose pliers to insert the jumpers on the proper pins.

If you are just installing a single drive on each channel, set them as the master drive. If you have two hard drives, the one with the operating system will be the master drive. If you have two optical drives, for example one CD-ROM and one DVD drive, it doesn't matter which one is set to master and which one to slave. The master/slave setting is really just to distinguish one drive from the other, as the "master" doesn't have any higher priority than "slave."

Next attach the data cables, which are the wide flat ribbon cables that run from the motherboard to the drive. IDE cables have three connectors. The two connectors which are close together are attached to the hard drives. The third connector is attached to the motherboard. The connectors are keyed so it is easy to see how the cable is inserted.

Be sure to remember that the master drive is at the end of the cable and the slave drive is in the middle of the cable. To verify the cable is correct, make sure that pin 1 is connected to the red wire on the cable.

Now install the drives in the case. The two drives which are on a single channel should be installed close together with the master drive on top and the slave drive below. Optical drives are usually installed at the top of the case and hard drives below. Remove the bay covering so that the optical drives are accessible from the front of the case. The drives are secured to the case with two screws on each side.
Building Your Own Computer - Part 5
Before installing the hard drives and optical drives in the computer case, you must check that they are .....

The final step is to connect the power cables. IDE drives have a four-pin molded connector, which is impossible to put in the wrong way. SATA drives also have a keyed power connector, but some models may have both a SATA power connector and a four-pin IDE power connector. You can use either one, but DO NOT use both.


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